Topic outline

  • Introduction to Hairdressing

    Program Name: Cosmetology

    CIP 12,0400

    Segment Addressed: 3


    Course Creator: Tracey Heath (OSTCNE)

    Creative Commons License
    Principles of Hair Design by Tracey Heath (Oakland Schools Technology Campus Northeast is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
    Based on a work at

    Pattern in Arthairstyle artPattern in Art



    In this segment, we will put your good eye to use. You are an artist, and all artists have a strong visual eye. Your goal as a stylist is to learn how to design the best hairstyle for your client. This does not only come from looking at your client's hair, but from analyzing your entire client. Every face and body is different, and we need to take a lot into consideration when creating our masterpiece!

    Inspiration can come from all places. There are endless shapes, rhythms, colors, patterns and textures. Styles from the past keep resurfacing, and you could reinvent them in your own way, with your own special touch. You may be inspired by movies, magazines, nights out on the town, or the internet. The possibilities are endless! With your imagination and creativity, you can create not only beautiful hairstyles-but also a happy clientele, thus making a very nice life for yourself. You may even find one day that going to "work" is very rewarding, satisfying and exciting!

    You will need to develop a visual understanding of face shapes, body types, hair structure, and color to achieve your creation. This, like everything else requires knowledge and practice.

    You cannot design hair just by taking risks. You will need a strong understanding of the elements and principles of hair design- this will allow you to create harmony between hairstyles, facial structures and body types. Only then will you be taking calculated risks.

    Click here to download a .mbz file of this course.

  • First things First!


    Where do we begin?!!


    The most important part of ANY hair service is the consultation.  Communication is key to any personal service.  This week we will become familiar with how to conduct a proper consultation, proper draping of clients for any service and analyze hair for a haircut.  We will also learn about hair porosity, elasticity, texture, density, curl pattern....what does all mean?  These are the fundamentals of hair, and without knowing about these things, it is impossible to perform any hair service properly. 

    Objective: When we are finished with this section, you will know exactly what each of these terms mean, an only then will be able to apply what we have learned to hairstyling.

    This section is also covered in Milady pp. 196-205

  • Hair Styling

    Stripes hair design

    Here comes the fun part!


    This week we will explore different ways to achieve any hairstyle you (or your client) choose, using a variety of brushes, tools and appliances.

    Objective:  We will learn how to style hair while it it wet or dry. We will take you from fingerwaves to flat irons, because after all-styles come and go...and they all come back again!  This is your chance to think outside the box, using your creativity and imagination--but first we must get a "grip" on some fundamentals!  We will learn how to style wet hair with rollers, pincurls,fingerwaves and blow drying.  We will also learn how to style hair while it is dry, with the use of curling irons, pressing combs, and hot rollers. We will also learn about styling wigs, weaving hair extenstions, sewing in hair extensions and just plain braiding.  In order to do all of this, we will also need to learn brush types in this section.

    This section is also covered in Milady pp. 304-421

  • Styling Products

    Products...Products...Products! mousse..gel..root elevator...shine spray...dusting powder...spray wax...

    Hair Product CollageOverview:  To learn about all different types of styling products, as they relate to certain types of hair.  We all probably have tons of hair products and many brush types in our bathroom cupboards that we have bought, tried, and disliked.  There are countless brands, and countless types of products, and it gets confusing!  Now that we are familiar with differnt hair textures, densities, curl patterns etc. a whole new light should shine on this subject.  The objective of this lesson, is to empower you with knowledge of many many hair products. This week we will familiarize ourselves with different styling and finishing products such as moose, gel, hairspray, rootlift, shiners, heat protectors and curl enhancers.

    This section is also covered in Milady pp. 327-328

  • Face Shapes

    What would you say if your client had a very round face and wanted a "bob" haircut?  Lets find out!
    Pattern in Art

    Overview to understand the need for special considerations when it comes to face shapes.

    Objective: to understand how to analyze face            

          shapes , to determine face shapes including your own, and to fully understand the importance of face shapes, when it comes to hairstyling.     

    Upon completing this section, we will know how to create a design to suit your client's face shape.
    Face shapes

    This section is also covered in Milady pp. 207-209

  • Haircutting

    It all begins with a great haircut!                  Overview:

    Pink shears

    This week we will be introduced to some aspects of haircutting, including:

         * the proper handling of haircutting implements

         * razor, shear, clipper cutting and use of thinning        


          * proper hand positions for vertical, horizontal and

           diagonal cutting

          *checking an overall haircut for blending, outline and


          * beard, mustache, sideburn and ear hair trimming

    OBJECTIVES:  To become familiar with men's hair trimming, checking for haircut blending, proper handling of all impliments, proper hand positioning while cutting.  Also to become familiar with razor, shear, clipper and thinning shear cutting.